The village was established during the Middle Assyrian era; around 120,000 B.C., with its residents descending from the neighboring village of Talluza.
Al Badhan village’s name has two origins; the first relates to its meaning in the Persian language which is the green land of springs, while the second reason says it named after the Persian commander named “Badhan” who inhabited the area. This site also has a darker history with the presence of Death Rock towering the Al Badhan valley’s edge. It was here that forces under the British Mandate (1919-1947) sentenced to death Palestinian who fought to free themselves of the occupation. The village has several sites of archaeological interest including 12 ancient watermills, including: Al Mahmudiya, Ash Shabiba, Ash Sheikha, Al Qaisiyat, Al Burj, Al 'Asar, 'Imsallam, Al Jadida and As Sultaniyat, in addition to Khirbat Qarwa, Khirbat Al Khreiba and Khirbat as Sarb (ruins). All of these sites are in need of restoration in order to qualify as a tourist location, as determined by the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities.